Between the cities of Barcelona and Tarragona, near the coast and with the mountains of Montserrat on the horizon, L’Alt Penedès is the land of the vine. The wines and cavas made here lend recognition to the name of this region, which has a host of treasures to discover, such as the archaeological site and Olèrdola Park, an area settled in the Neolithic Age, fortified by the Iberians and a strategic centre in the Middle Ages. Or there is the historical monuments of Sant Martí Sarroca, which include the Church of Santa Maria, a jewel of European Romanesque. Catalan Art Nouveau (known as Modernisme) left its mark on Gelida, Sant Sadurní and Vilafranca, towns with trails to walk in search of architecture and art from the turn of the twentieth century. Wine, the mainstay of the region, is represented in the Vinseum de Vilafranca, a museum dedicated to the culture of wine in Catalonia, which is a dynamic cultural space adapted to the demands for information of the twenty-first century.
Santa Margarida i els Monjos, in L'Alt Penedès, has two sites emblematic of Republican aerial warfare during the Spanish Civil War: El Castell de Penyafort prison and the air raid shelter at El Serral.
Sant Sadurní d'Anoia, the cava capital, is the best place to discover the secrets of this drink with its festive sparkle. Many cava wineries organise guided tours that, as well as being of interest to wine lovers, are also of architectural interest.
This interpretation centre, which used part of the structure of the 14th-century castle in its construction, provides information on the historical and natural heritage of Gelida in the region of L'Alt Penedès, and also offers a variety of guided tours, some including a cava tasting.
In the region surrounding the historical sites of Olèrdola, which were the successive work of Iberians, Romans and medieval dwellers, the landscape is defined by its pronounced Mediterranean nature and its testimony to a long relationship between people and the environment.
At the start of the twentieth century, wine producers expressed their dynamism by commissioning the best architects of Catalan Art Nouveau to construct wineries and residences. Good examples are to be found at Gelida, Sant Sadurní d'Anoia and Vilafranca del Penedès.